Category: Health

Fractured Tooth Repair by Dental Bonding

Are you looking to correct your fracture teeth? Then, you may be a need to undergo dental bonding. It is a best choice for candidates with chipped or fractured tooth to reshape as before. It is a branch of cosmetic dentistry. It is an alternative technique to Amalgamate filling. It is long lasting as it strongly bonds to the tooth enamel.

Types of dental bonding
Depending upon the number of visits for dental bonding, these are of two types.

1. Simple bonding
Simple dental bonding can be completed in one day. It does not require any preparation.

2. Complex bonding
Complex dental bonding can complete in two visits. In this dentist takes impressions of fractured tooth and takes time to prepare bonding.

How is dental bonding done?
Dental bonding is used to restore the fractured tooth, decayed tooth.

The steps involved in the process of dental bonding are:

  • Dentist examines the area where bonding to be done.
  • Local anesthesia is not required unless the bonding is required for decayed tooth.
  • Phosphoric acid is applied on the surface of the tooth where bonding to be done to roughen the surface.
  • Then thin layer of bonding material is placed on the surface of the tooth.
  • A beam of ultra violet or laser light is passed to bond the resin to the surface of the tooth and several layers of resin are added and harden in turn. This takes one hour to complete.
  • Once the bonding is complete, Dentist mold to the desired shape and adjustments will be made if necessary.
  • Finally, the tooth is polished until its color matches the rest of the teeth.

Dental bonding is an ideal option for the following.

  • Changing the shape of the teeth
  • Increasing the length of the teeth
  • Repairing fractured teeth
  • Repairing decayed tooth
  • Repairing cracked and chipped teeth
  • Bonding the gap between teeth
  • Removing stains on teeth

Benefits of dental bonding

  • It improves the appearance of teeth
  • It is economical
  • Durable and long lasting
  • Compared to other techniques, dental bonding does not require anesthesia
  • Can complete in a single visit.


  • Not resistant to stains
  • In some cases, the bonding material may chip or break.

As the advantages of dental bonding overcome the disadvantages, dentist prefer this for candidates who wants to repair fractured or cracked teeth.

Tongue Disorders in Children

Tongue is a flexible organ of our body which helps in eating and drinking. There are some common tongue problems that are seen in children such as tongue tie, oral thrush and tonsillitis. We will discuss about them briefly.

Tongue tie: Tongue tie is also called Ankyloglossia. It is a condition where tissue attaches to the tongue to the bottom of the mouth. It restricts the movement of tongue.

  • Causes
  • The causes of tongue tie is not clear but it is mainly due to the attachment of tissue to the tongue tip
  • Problems
  • Tongue movements are restricted
  • Difficulty in pronouncing some letters
  • Difficulty to clean food from teeth with the help of tongue
  • Diagnosis
  • Diagnosis of tongue tie can be done by physical examination of tongue movements. In infants, tongue depressor is used to lift the tongue tip
  • Treatment
  • Tongue tie can be treated by surgery called Frenotomy
  • Before the surgery, doctor gives anesthesia to numb the area. Then cuts the tissue attached to the tongue tip and stitches are made on the wound. The stitches will dissolve in later days
  • Surgery is also done using laser technique. In this laser cuts and seals the wound.
  • Later doctor teaches your child how to exercise with tongue to improve speaking

Oral thrush: Oral thrush is commonly seen in infants. It is white patches seen on the tongue. Oral thrush is also seen in mouth. It is caused by the fungus candida albicans. It is non-contagious.

  • Causes
  • Caused by fungus candida albicans
  • Children with asthma medications
  • Symptoms
  • White color patches on tongue
  • Irritation occurs during feeding
  • Treatment
  • Anti fungal solutions to rinse the mouth
  • Application of anti fungal gels on the tongue
  • Though it can be treated, oral thrush can be prevented by rinsing the pacifiers with hot water

Tonsillitis: Tonsils helps to fight against germs to prevent entry of germs into mouth. Infection of tonsils is called tonsillitis.

  • Symptoms
  • Red and swollen tonsils
  • Throat pain
  • Loss of Apatite
  • Difficulty in eating and drinking
  • Diagnosis
  • Diagnosis can be done by physical examination of the tonsils whether any swelling are there or not
  • Throat culture taken from the throat
  • Rapid streptococci test to examine the presence of streptococci bacteria
  • Treatment
  • Antibiotics are used to treat tonsillitis if it is caused by streptococci bacteria
  • If the tonsils are too hard for more than 1 year, it can be treated by surgery

Though tongue problems in children have treatment, it can be prevented by washing the children’s pacifiers with hot water to prevent contamination.

Imaging Solutions in Dentistry

Today, technology has made multiple changes in dental profession. The technological advancement has led everything in the field getting easier inclduding mild inlfections.done by easily. Dental imaging solutions is also having many new technologies like 3d imaging, dolphin imaging, i-cat, simplant. Today, there are a large number of options in technology with many important attributes.

If you are going to buy a new machine, you need to think about the upgrading your current machine. Knowledge is useful for any role. Today, in most cases, digital imaging is used. A film is used for pictures. It needs dark room set up and chemicals as well. But practically is is very hard to the small clinics. Modern units have digital capability built in.

3D imaging technology and its features
In recent years, because of the awareness of health, importance of dental care and the number of approaching dentists are increasing. Most people who have dental problems think that it may impact the beauty, so they wish to correct that problems by consulting a professional dentist.

A professional dentist with digital imaging solutions can get a clear picture of what their clients need. And, he can correct them according to the situation and help them get a beautiful smile. This exact imaging solutions come in good quality in digital 3d imaging.

Here, you can know about the reasons why you need to go for a 3d imaging technology.

The first reason for why we need to go for digital imaging is to save money. Digital imaging equipment are costly. However, it is really worth for it as if we consider a long run. And, one more is these systems do not require any films and chemicals. Many imaging companies offer finance options for the clients.

Safety is also one of preferable considerations because for any new technology, safety is an important point to consider, which might include having no side effects, etc. Dental imaging technology is much safer than others.

It gives higher resolution images and emits a safe amount of radiation. Therefore, it would be much helpful to dentist to diagnose the problem correctly and while in the treatment.

Digital imaging technology takes less time. It allows patients to get in, out and on with their lives. There is no need to wait for dental film to develop.

Easy to use
These systems are user friendly, the software in these systems is easy to learn and operate.
And, these dental imaging systems have high resolution, therefore, present a more detailed picture of things they furnish.

Dry Mouth – Causes, Symptoms and Treatment

Saliva keeps your mouth moist and clean, thus acts as a cavity fighter. Saliva controls bacterial and fungal infection in the mouth. Absence of saliva can cause number of dental problems. Dry mouth is a condition where there is a decrease flow of saliva. Many people mistake dry mouth as thirst, but the causes are different. In this article, we will discuss the causes, symptoms and treatment of dry mouth.

There are a number of causes that lead to dry mouth:

  • People suffering from chronic disease such as diabetes and hypertension suffer from dry mouth.
  • Dry mouth is the side effects of use of certain medications.
  • Breathing continuously through mouth due to cold.
  • Patients undergoing cancer treatment or any radiation therapy are likely to face dry-mouth.
  • Certain lifestyle like smoking and drinking alcohol causes dry mouth.
  • Dehydration can cause dry mouth.
  • If you have issues with salivary glands, it might lead to dry mouth.


  • Frequent thirst
  • Burning or tingling sensation in mouth
  • Dry and sticky feeling in mouth
  • Difficulty in swallowing and tasting
  • Trouble in speaking
  • Bad breath
  • Cracked or chapped lips
  • Burning tongue
  • Dry or rough tongue
  • High rate of cavities/tooth decay
  • Mouth ulcers
  • Dryness may cause persistent cough


  • Drink plenty of water for keeping your mouth dry. Always carry water along with you so that you can sip throughout the day.
  • Chew sugarless chewing gum, as this can in stimulating saliva.
  • Avoid mouthwash that contains alcohol or peroxide. This will worsen the condition.
  • Limit the intake of salty and spicy food as such foods can irritate dry mouth.
  • For combating the effect of dry mouth, use antimicrobial mouthwash.
  • Breath through your nose as far as possible, as breathing through mouth can make your mouth even more dry.
  • Avoid acidic and citrus and drinks like citrus fruits, juices, etc.
  • Your doctor may prescribe you some medications like pilocarpine that can stimulate salivary glands.


Oral Health Problems In Pregnant Woman

Pregnancy causes changes in the hormones which leads to oral health problems. Make sure to see a professional and take the necessary advice.

Causes of dental health problems
The common causes of dental health problems during pregnancy are:

  • Morning sickness (vomiting)
  • Intake of more sugary foods
  • Gum problems, as the gum become softer during pregnancy due to hormonal changes
  • Retching while brushing teeth.

Oral health problems in pregnant woman:
Common dental problems during pregnancy are:

  • Pregnancy Gingivitis
  • Tooth Decay
  • Damage of Enamel
  • Tooth mobility
  • Gum problems

1. Pregnancy gingivitis:
Pregnancy gingivitis is the gum disease due to increase in the progesterone level. This leads to grow bacteria in the mouth that affects gums. During pregnancy gums become soft and sensitive to plaques.


  • Inflammation of gum tissue surround the teeth
  • Gum bleeding during brushing

Prevention and treatment:

  • Pregnancy gingivitis can be avoided by brushing with fluoride tooth paste
  • Floss daily to remove plaques
  • Scaling of teeth can treat pregnancy Gingivitis.

2. Tooth decay:
During pregnancy intake of food and liquids are more compared to normal and pregnancy woman are more likely to have sweets. This sugars gets breakdown into simple sugars and produces acids which destroy the tooth enamel. Hence tooth decay are commonly seen in pregnant woman.


  • Avoid more intake of sugary foods
  • Rinse the mouth with anti microbial mouth washes after meal
  • Maintain good oral hygiene

3. Damage of enamel:
Damage to enamel may occur in pregnant women. Vomiting during pregnancy refluxes gastric juices into mouth. This dissolves the enamel. Damage of enamel leads to sensitivity problems. Sensitivity to cold and hot is seen in pregnancy woman.


  • Rinse mouth thoroughly with baking soda solution after vomiting neutralizes the acid.
  • Use desensitizing tooth paste which blocks the nerves to send impulses to brain.

4. Tooth mobility:
During pregnancy, loosening of teeth takes place. This is due to the decrease in the ligament and bone support to teeth.

5. Gum problems:
If pregnancy gingivitis is not treated and on time leads to periodontal diseases. The plaque becomes attached to the surface of the teeth and releases acids. These acids destroy the enamel and loss of gums and root takes place.


  • Do not brush immediately after vomiting. It scratches the teeth.
  • Brush your teeth with soft bristle tooth brush
  • Rinse mouth with anti microbial mouth washes.

To avoid these problems during pregnancy, good oral hygiene must be maintained. Increase your calcium intake which strengthen your teeth and increase intake of vitamin D which improves the absorption of calcium.