Micronutrients are essential for the normal helth. However, if you taken them more than advised, that is, in overdoses you may face troubles instead of benefiting. Optimum levels are good to health. Micronutrients when taken in excess are known to have some negative effects on health.
In this article, we will have a discussion on harmful effects of overdose of micronutrients.
Overdose of Vitamins
||Dizziness (a feeling that you are about to fall), headache, may lead to coma and death at extreme cases. Double vision, birth defects in infants when take in higher doses during pregnancy, weakens bones.
||Instead of depositing calcium on bones, it removes calcium from bones making them soft and easy to break.
||Overdose through dietary sources is very rare. Generally found in people taking supplements. Higher doses can cause severe diarrhea, abdominal pain, excrete excess vitamin E through feces, prevents blood clotting in injury leading to excessive blood loss.
||It is rarest form of overdoses. But the effects are severe when overdose occurs, it leads to damage of cells and cell linings, liver damage at extremely higher doses of vitamin k
||Increases sweating, a sense of vomiting, restlessness, water is retained inside the body leading to swelling.
||Change in urine color (yellowish-orange), diarrhea, frequent urination.
||Increase pulse rate, flushed skin, itching, a sense of vomiting, pain in the abdomen, sometimes vomiting.
||Overdose is very rare but at extreme cases leads to diarrhea.
||A burning sensation in the heart, sleepiness, stomach pain, vomiting sensation, loss of hunger, headache.
||No symptoms of overdoses seen in normal persons. In case of pregnant women, it may lead to miscarriage.
||Very rare. In extreme cases, lead to heart attack, liver and prostate cancers.
||Abdominal and muscle pain, diarrhea, stomach upset, indigestion problem, rashes on face, increased stress, weakness results due to break down of red blood cells. In very rare cases, it causes stones in kidneys, decrease intake of iron and copper by the body, tooth decay, severe back pain.
Overdose Of Minerals
||Leads to formation of kidney stones, feeling of sleeping, weakens muscles, frequent urination, vomiting sensation, create confusion, constipation(difficult to release feces).
||Major effect is seen in case of heart, it increases blood pressure and ultimately increase chances of heart attack. It is one of the electrolyte to maintain balance, so overdose results in altering functions of kidneys.
||Impairs acid-base balance in the body, increase blood pressure, difficulty in breathing, convulsions(uncontrolled contraction of muscles), uneven heart beat.
||No severe effects are seen. At extreme cases, it may alter kidney functioning, sometimes lead to uneven heart beat.
||Have effects on nervous system leading to nerve disorders, irritation, hallucination (similar to imagination)decrease copper and iron levels in the body.
||Headache, vomiting sensation, weakness, decrease hunger, decrease copper levels as well as good cholesterol levels.
||Hair loss, weakness, slightly damage to nerves, nausea(sense of vomiting)
||Alters heart beat, a feeling of burden in the chest, paralysis(some organs become non functional), vomiting
||Constipation, vomiting, stomach pain, joint pains, weight loss, infertility, neural problems, sometimes lethal (can lead to death.)
||Goiter (enlargement of thyroid gland), muscle weakness, depression, weight gain.
||Abdominal pain, abnormal taste, weakness, vomiting sensation, tremors, irregular heart beat.
||Damage to brain, nerve disorders, lead to Alzheimer’s(forgetfulness),
||Decrease calcium and magnesium levels in bones leading to loss of bone density, increase blood pressure. At extreme cases, lead to death due to bone and heart related diseases. Create imbalance in levels of electrolytes.
Every one needs vitamins in small amounts, and every one can obtain them from their daily diet. Taking fresh vegetables and fruits in several sittings will provide you healthy and nutritious life. Taking a multivitamin daily is harmless, but it is also not useful if you are healthy and if you don’t require them.
Who need these vitamin supplements? People who need more vitamins than they require, people whose bodies can’t absorb vitamins through their diets. These people may need vitamin supplements and the people who are under this category are:
- Pregnant women generally need more vitamins than usually.
- Lactating mothers or feeding mothers: these women require more vitamins as they feed their child continuously and they will be in need of more vitamins.
- Growing children, the children below five years need more vitamins, but they will not eat all types of varied foods which leads to deficiency of certain vitamins.
- Teenagers, who are very busy in their schedules will not find time to eat proper diet.
- People who are addicted to tobacco, alcohol etc.
- People who have digestive problems can’t obtain or absorb vitamins from their diets.
- Some people who are having seizures also can’t absorb vitamins from their diet.
To these people, vitamin supplements are provided by the doctor in recommended doses and vitamin supplements vary from one person to another. Like for pregnant woman, vitamin B9 or Folic acid is essential, for children vitamin B or C or D is essential, for memory problems vitamin B or C is essential, for smokers vitamins B and C are required, for vegetarians, vitamin B12 is required as they don’t eat non-vegetarian food.
Any vitamin it may be, but it should not be consumed in excess or it should not be consumed without the prescription of the doctor. Because it may do harm rather than good.
Bioflavonoids, also known as Vitamin P, is not a vitamin, but can be classified as a vitamin. The term Bioflavonoids comes from many different ingredients which include hesperidin, hesperin, eriodictyol, Quercetin, rutin etc. Body cannot manufacture this nutrient and must be supplied in the diet.
Bioflavonoids and Vitamin C are taken together because it extends the action of vitamin C. Bioflavonoids are efficient in the treatment of sport injuries as they are pain relieving. They may also be used in relieving pain in the legs, across the back and can lessen the symptoms of prolonged bleeding, a low serum calcium as well as oral herpes.
Bioflavonoids preserves the structures of capillaries, have an antibacterial effect and promote circulation even assisting with fighting allergies, asthma etc. They may be indicated in the production of bile, lowering blood cholesterol levels and in the prevention and treatment of cataracts.
Vitamin P is one flavonoid element that does a lot for our bodies and are referred to as Bioflavonoids, can help us be healthy and active. Vitamin P is found in a variety of citrus fruits, and plays a big role in making sure our bodies properly absorb Vitamin C. The bioflavonoids properties of Vitamin P impact the condition of our blood as well, by helping ensure that our red blood cells and the blood platelets do not clump together.
This vitamin also promotes capillary health as well, aiding in the proper function of the capillaries and also helping to prevent capillary bleeding. Vitamin P also is great for anyone who is prone to bleeding gums, as the vitamin helps prevent and also heal weak blood vessels located in the gums. (more…)
Vitamin C or ascorbic acid is a water-soluble vitamins which means it dissolves in water when consumed. The excess of the vitamin, if any, is excreted via urine. That means you need a continuous supply of such vitamins in your diet.
The main function of vitamin C is to repair and growth of tissues in all parts of your body and also helps in boosting the immunity.
It is used as an antioxidant agent which forms an important protein which makes skin look beautiful and prevents you from aging. It also helps in repairing and maintaining bones and teeth.
The body cannot make vitamin C on its own, so you have to take plenty of vitamin-C in your diet because it is a water-soluble vitamin. Thus, when a person has deficiency of vitamin C, he or she lands up with scurvy.
Liquid vitamin C is a solution that is gaining favor as a vitamin supplement that is available for all age groups to intake so as to meet the requirement of vitamin C in the body.
The main benefit of liquid vitamin C over other vitamin C supplements is easily absorbed by the body. So mainly this is suitable for the children who suffers from vitamin C deficiency. However, if you have taken too much Vitamin C supplement whether in the form of liquid or other forms then there may be a chances of toxicity in your body.
However too little or too much can lead to severe problems on different organs of the body. So, better check to take doses according to the required amount of Vitamin C for the normal and healthy functioning of the human body.
Vitamin C is available in the market in the form of packaged juice, fresh-squeezed juice, supplements etc. But dosage should be taken according to the advice of the doctor. (more…)
Vitamins are essential nutrients that are required for your body in very small amounts for normal growth, metabolism, development and physical well-being. Some of the vitamins are present in your daily food and some are not. Vitamins are help chemical reactions happen for digestion of food and this cannot be done by the body on its own. Vitamins thus help in metabolism. So you must take vitamins in the form of diet such as fruit and vegetables. Some vitamins are not available in food; so we have to take them as food supplements or there is deficiency.
Vitamin deficiency occurs when you don’t eat certain food. So you have to take different types of food. And these are different from proteins, carbohydrates and fats.
No food item contains all the vitamins and doesn’t give enough vitamin; so we have to take balanced and a varied diet. Many vitamins are essential for life with each vitamin is having different functionality. There are 13 vitamins which are unique and having different functionality. The vitamins are A, B, C, D, E, K, L, P, N, Q, QUERCETIN etc,.. Each of these should be taken in minute quantities per day according to the requirement of your body. Consult your physician in this regard. Some of the vitamins can eliminate even medical problems. The body can make vitamin D and K on its own. There are two types of vitamins are there:
1. Water soluble vitamins
2. Fat soluble vitamins
The best way to get enough vitamins is to have balanced diet with a variety of foods. In some cases, you may need to take a daily multivitamin dose for optimal health. However, high doses of some vitamins can make you sick. (more…)