Category: Health

Effects of Smokeless Tobacco on Oral Cancer

Oral cancer is the abnormal growth of cells in the oral cavity and leads to the development of tumors. Consumption of tobacco is one of the main causes of oral cancer. Tobacco is used in many ways such as smoking cigarettes, chewing tobacco or its products. All the tobacco products have the same risk of oral cancer. People who use smokeless tobacco are at high risk as well. We’ll discuss here the effects of smokeless tobacco on oral cancer

Smokeless tobacco
When tobacco is chewed or used directly without burning is called smokeless tobacco. Smokeless tobacco is available in various forms.

Chewing tobacco is obtained from the loose leaves or twists of tobacco. It is cut into small pieces and are placed in between the cheeks and gums. Then, the nicotine in the tobacco gets absorbed into the tissues of oral cavity.

Snuff is the fine powered tobacco available in packets. Its available in either dry form or moist form. Dry powder is taken by inhaling through nose. Moist form is taken through mouth and is spit free.

Dissolved tobacco are designed as lozenges. Theses are available as sweet candies. These are dis solvable in mouth.
Most people become addicted to smokeless tobacco due to economic problems, stress and local life style.

Harmful chemicals in smokeless tobacco
Smokeless tobacco contains 28 harmful chemicals. Nicotine in the tobacco gets absorbed into the oral tissue and irritates the tissue. Nitrosamines, these are formed during growing, forming and aging of tobacco.

How smokeless tobacco causes oral cancer
Smokeless tobacco is carcinogenic. It contains chemicals that can make changes in the DNA in cells present in oral cavity, which leads to the development of oral cancer. Chewing smokeless tobacco or using snuff containing nicotine gets absorbed into the tissue in oral cavity and irritates the tissue. The another cancer causative chemical in smokeless tobacco is nitrosamines. Theses are formed during growing, forming and aging of tobacco.

Chewing tobacco causes irritation of mucous layer on oral cavity, staining on teeth, ulcers on mouth and tongue. It not only causes oral cancer but also oesophagus, pancreatic cancer.

The risk of oral cancer is more in people chewing tobacco or using snuff than those who do not use tobacco products. The risk of oral cancer depends on the frequency of smokeless tobacco usage. Quitting of usage, gradually decreases the risk of oral cancer.

Note that all tobacco products carry the risk of oral cancer. Avoid using tobacco products to reduce the risk of oral cancer and also dental problems.
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Importance of Bone Regeneration to Protect Your Teeth and Tissue

Bone regeneration
Bone regeneration is necessary for the people who are in the advanced stages of gum diseases where the bone loss occurs and can’t be regenerated by its own. In the early stages of the disease, the dentist can use small techniques like scaling or root planning to remove the tartar and avoid gum diseases but if the bone is lost the it can’t repair or regenerate by its own – it requires jaw bone regeneration. This bone regeneration is necessary to prevent the loss of the teeth or when the dentist wants to prepare the teeth for dental implants. It is also performed for the existing teeth and soft tissues of the teeth.

Bone regeneration is also done for the people who are having the missing teeth and who are not suitable for dental implants as the dentures will make the process slow as they won’t allow the loss of bone, which makes the teeth loss. This treatments helps the patient a lot in restoring their lost bone.

There are two types of bone regeneration methods and the procedure is similar for both of the methods. Even though the procedure is same, they separately concentrate on the specific parts of the teeth.

Treatment procedure
At first, the dentist will clean all the tartar over the teeth and below the gum line. Here bio compatible membranes are placed between the teeth, which act as a membrane and this prevents the gum to grow and also allows for the new bone growth.
First method, Guided bone regeneration method (GBR) is used for regeneration of the bone that can support the dental implants i.e., fake teeth and prevents the teeth from loss.

Second method, Guided Tissue Regeneration (GTR). This method more concentrates of the tissues rather than the bone as GBR method even though they both have the same procedure. These are focused more on soft tissues of the teeth. This treatment is used for restoring the damaged parts of the teeth, bone etc.

This procedures are different from bone grafting in which it replaces the lost bone with other bone of your body. Instead here the graft strengthens by forming a bridge between the bone and itself.

This is how the dental bone regeneration is done. Dentists usually perform the bone regeneration along with bone grafting for the best benefits fro the patient. With proper care this bone regeneration takes less time to regenerate the lost bone due to gum diseases.
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Laser Cavity Detection Helps Dentists Detect Decays in Teeth Easily

With advancement in technology, there are many technical devices coming everyday in every field which makes the work of people easier. In the same way, dental technology is also evolving which makes the work of the dentists easy and also helps patients feel comfort with painless and fast treatments. Today, for detecting cavities a new technology has emerged. It is laser cavity detection in the early stage of cavities in the teeth.

Laser cavity detection
Many people say that they don’t have cavities from many years and therefore, they don’t consult a dentist regularly. Or the dentist may not be aware of the small cavities in the teeth because they may be using the traditional X-rays detection technique that doesn’t perfectly detect the cavities in teeth. The laser technique is a good solution for early detection of cavities in your teeth. This technique uses the advanced diagnodent device for detecting the cavities. It is difficult to detect the problem with traditional method because of the fluoride in the drinking water and due to the hardness of the tooth enamel. To resolve this issue, this technology is very useful.

This tool is useful in detecting the cavities that are located under the healthy teeth surface. The procedure is very simple – a pen like probe is used for sending the laser beam to check if cavities, if any are there.

A laser beam is sent into the teeth and the beam measures fluorescence on different layers of teeth, if any cavities are located it exhibits fluorescence, otherwise it does not.

If there are hidden cavities, the number scale and the alarm of the device will give a signal with high readings detecting the cavities located beneath the tooth surface. This is completely painless and a safe way to detect the cavities compared to the traditional X-rays, and also this technique detects the cavities years before than the traditional method, which helps the patient a lot. This is the latest and up-to-date for screening the problems.

Benefits of laser cavity detection method

  • It is safe and painless when compared to traditional X-ray as it projects light energy rather than rays exposure.
  • Detects the cavities and other minor problems in the early stages which saves money and time spent on the treatment.
  • The cost of detecting the cavities using this technique is less when compared to traditional technique.

Early detection technique saves money and time. So, this is beneficial when compared to traditional technique of using X-rays to detect cavities.
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Dental Procedure for Crown Lengthening

Crown lengthening treatment is performed to improve health conditions of gum tissues. The treatment can be performed to re-shape and re-counter bone or gum tissues on a single or multiple teeth or entire gum line.

Benefits of crown lengthening

  • Crown lengthening is done to restore the damaged teeth and broken teeth that are effected with periodontal diseases like tooth decay.
  • Removing extra gum tissues will give a healthy and balanced look and also improves the appearance of your smile.
  • Dental crowns will not damage your teeth from gum tissues and bone after placing.

How crown lengthening is performed?

  • Once you visit your dentist he will take some x-rays of your teeth and prepare some report to review your teeth condition.
  • Next he will give you the appointment for the crown lengthening treatment.
  • During the treatment you will be given anesthesia.

 

  • After all the teeth are exposed, the area will be washed using sterile salt water then stitches are made on the gums.
  • After healing of the gum tissues you must visit the dentist for final crowns or filling.

After the treatment when your are in conscious stage you would feel some pain as it is a surgical treatment and as the gum tissues are removed.

Dentist will give you some precautions to get relief from the pain. You will be asked to follow healthy diet by your dentist and brushing to be done on teeth avoiding gums. If you want to remove the food particles from your mouth then you must use tooth pick.

Risks involved in crown lengthening procedure:

  • There is a chance of bleeding in the area where surgery is performed.
  • Infections may develop after the treatment.
  • As teeth roots are exposed there will be sensitivity problems when you eat cold and hot foods.
  • Due to the removal of the tissue and bone, the teeth may look longer compared to the adjacent teeth

Crown lengthening helps your crowns look healthy but the procedure is complicated as it takes months to complete the entire procedure.
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Get to Know Mouth Guard

What is a mouth guard?
A mouth guard helps protect the teeth, lips and other parts of the mouth from injuries like broken teeth. It is an adjustable device made of a class of plastic. Mouth guards a are also known as mouth protectors.

Who should use the mouth guard?
Mostly Athletes and the people who are in recreation activities use the mouth guards. This is mostly used at the time of playing variety of sports.

Ex: People who play foot ball, amateur boxing, field hockey, ice hockey etc use these mouth guards

Functions or Uses of Mouth Guard:

  • It prevents the injuries like fractures in the jaw, neck, cerebral hemorrhages.
  • Upper and lower teeth are protected from the seismic contact
  • They act as a shock absorbers between the jaws of the upper and lower teeth
  • Using this mouth guards athletes feel comfort and confident because of the protection
  • Used to reduce the pain caused in temporomandibular joint
  • It also acts as a night protector.
  • While bleaching teeth, mouth guard helps a lot.
  • A king of mouth guard is used for acrylic plates and brackets which is a substitute.
  • It can be used to provide topical medication for the diseases such as gingivitis diseases.
  • Wearing the mouth guard in the practice of games makes feel better during the match.

Types of mouth guards:
Three types of mouth guards are available in the market:
1. Custom fitted mouth guards
2. Boil and bite mouth guards
3. Ready made or stock mouth guards

Custom fitted mouth guards:
Custom fitted type of mouth guards are professionally made by the dentists in laboratories by taking the impressions of the teeth and then molded using a special material. After the mouth guard is ready it is kept in hot water and placed in mouth and shaped over the teeth using fingers. These are the mostly preferred guards used by most of the people.

Boil and bite mouth guards:
These are the thermo-plastic materials made of ethylene-vinyl acetate, and are available in many shapes that fit the users mouth very closely. This mouth guards are heated and then molded to fit the jaws of the users mouth. Boil and Bite mouth guards are mostly used by the semi-professional players and the amateur. Some of the boil and bite mouth guards are available but comforts less when compared to custom fitted ones.

Ready made or stock mouth guards:
Stock mouth guards will be available ready made in the shop which are of low cost but makes in-comfort in talking. So, this is not preferred by most of the people.

How to use a mouth guard?

  • After a use rinse the mouth guard with the water
  • Use the tooth paste to your mouth guard and brush it once or twice a day
  • Never leave it hot water or else sun light
  • Keep the mouth guard in a container which is firm
  • If the mouth guard is having the damages change it time to time

This is how the mouth guard helps you to protect your teeth from being damaged.
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