Factors Affecting the Success of Dental Implants

Dental implants are designed in such a way that provides a permanent solution for the people with missing tooth/teeth. As with other surgical procedures, dental implant surgery may also be affected by number of internal and external factors that can cause complications or even failure of dental implant surgery. This article contains some facts that can affect the success of dental implant surgery.

Factors Affecting the Success of Dental Implants:

1) Sinus Problems
This problem can be the major challenge for the Implantologists when placing dental implants in the upper jaw. In addition to the sinus problems present, insufficient bone quantity and quality in the upper jaw can make placing the dental implants difficult. For developing strong base for dental implants, your oral surgeon may perform the sinus augmentation. In this procedure, the existing bone is lifted in the sinus cavity thus creating enough space for bone grafting. The aim of this surgery is to create enough space for dental implants.

If the dental implant protrudes in the sinus cavity, the area can be inflamed and infected. For detecting, the sinus problems, an x-ray and CT scan are taken that follows these surgeries. This is why it is very important to inform the dentist about the problems a patient is suffering from.

2) Per-Implantitis
This infection can stay in when bacteria is present during oral surgery. This condition involves gum inflammation and also infection in bone that surround your implant. This can cause some complications. Peri-implantitis, a form of periodontal disease can cause implant failure. In some cases, it can be treated, but mainly implant has to be removed. Patients with poor oral hygiene, diabetes and people with thin gums are at high risk of developing this infection.

3) Nerve and Tissue Damage
This problem can occur very rare. In some cases, when dental implants are placed, it can cause damage to the tissues and close by, especially when an implant is placed too close to the nerves. The patients might feel tingling, pain, numbness in cheeks, lips, tongue and chin. This damage is temporary or permanent and implant might have to be removed. This issue is often caused by the mistakes made by inexperienced surgeon.

4) Overloading
In some cases, the surgeon decides to perform loading immediately during dental implant surgery. This involves one stage treatment method where abutment and crown are placed on the implant soon after the implant is inserted. Normally, the process comprises of two stages that provides time for the implant inserted in the jaw to fuse with the jawbone. Then other components that protrude above the gums are added later. Since implant fusion with jawbone is incomplete, it can lead to complications and even failure of dental implant.

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