Category: Automotive

Pros and Cons of Leasing a Car

Leasing a car has it own set of pros and cons. In this article we will discuss some of the most important advantages and disadvantages of leasing that will help you deiced whether to lease a car or not.

Advantages

  • Down payment and monthly payments are less: The down payment that you will make for the leased car will be very less, when compared to the monthly payments of the car you take. You can enjoy the benefits of the car that may be brand new in the market with less down payment and monthly payments.
  • No repair costs: As it is a leased car the leasing company will bare for the repairs of the car. This will save money going out of your pocket for the repairs and maintenance. In most of the cases the car will be under the warranty of the manufacturer so that they will bare for the repairs.
  • Less sales tax: In many countries the sales tax for the leased vehicles will be very less that they need to pay on only the portion of the car that they use during the lease period instead on the whole. The sales tax also can be paid along with the monthly payments of the car so you don’t have to worry about it.
  • Having latest car in hand: You can have several choices when you go for leasing a car. So, you will have a chance to get the new and latest branded car with less money compared to the new one.
  • GAP coverage: Guaranteed asset protection is a insurance coverage for the auto vehicles. People who lease the car or whose vehicle is in financing can get this GAP coverage. This will payoff the vehicle when it is lost or stolen were the insurance companies doesn’t cover the full loss. Most of the cars that are leased will have free GAP protection.

Drawbacks

  • Costs for cancellation of contract in middle: If you have leased a car for few months you can’t cancel it in the middle of the agreement. If you want to terminate in the middle of the contract you have to pay much for the cancellation than what you have expected.
  • Customization not allowed: Car customization can’t be done by you if you have leased the car. It is not allowed. If you want the customization you should ask the car dealer then, they may make the customization if needed.

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How to Replace Windshield Wiper Blades of Your Car and Change the Wiper Blade Fluid?

Wiper blades are important when you are driving in rainy season or winter. In either of the sessions. It’s, therefore, important to take care of the wind-shield wiper blades by timely replacing the wiper blade fluid that lubricates the component.

Windshield wiper blade replacement
To replace your cars wiper blade, check the following steps that will help you to change the blades easily.

  • Check whether your car needs new wiper blades

If you are going to change the wiper blades, first, you need to check whether your car needs new wiper blades. Make sure to check the condition of the car wiper blades. If needed go, with the following steps.

  • Know which part of the wiper blades are to be changed

Once you confirm that your car needs new windshield wiper blades, see to it that which part of the wiper blades to be changed as it is made of three parts namely, the lower wiper arm, the rubber blade and the metal blade.

  • Purchase the wiper blades

After you choose which part to change, go for buying those wiper blades that suit your car wiper blades, especially that part has to be replaced. Ask the dealer to show you different brands of the same model, size. The size should of the blades that you are replacing should be measured with a tape or a ruler and make sure to get the one that is having the same size among the different brands shown by the dealer.

  • Remove the old wipers

Remove the old wiper blades that are to be replaced from the windshield properly without any breakage to the car mirrors or the blades.

  • Install the new blades

Finally, insert the new wiper blades that you have purchased after the metal wiper arm is taken away from the windshield and unhooking the old wiper blades. With this, you are done with the installation of new wiper blades to your car and the windshield wiper is ready.

  • Adding wiper fluid

Adding wiper fluid includes just two steps. One is opening the hood and checking whether the wiper fluid can is empty. If it is empty, add the wiper fluid and close the cap of the can and also the hood. This is how you can add fluid to your wiper blade can.

Following these tips you do the job easily. The entire process is simple – you can do it without any professional training.
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How to Maintain Your Car Lights

Lights are vital components as they ensure safety of vehicles. These electrical components in a car must be checked regularly to ensure smooth operation of a vehicle. As part of car maintenance the lights must be checked for proper operation for your safety as well as others.

Lights are crucial for the safety of car
Lights are the lifeline of a car. Lights will alert you of anything coming from front and also let’s others know that you are there and going. Brake lights will alert others coming from your back that you are going to stop.

Turn indicators will warn others coming from the rear end that your going to turn. The headlights will help you see the road clearly and also warns the other vehicle to see you. Any one of these lights are not functioning means you are putting yourself and others life in danger. Therefore, keep checking the functioning of lights regularly.

Check for the indication and warning lights on the dashboard. Before starting off in a car, check whether all lights are in proper working condition or not. If there is any problem then go to the nearest mechanic and get it replaced. If this happens continuously, there is some problem in cars electrical system and it should be fixed as soon as possible.

Check for the bulb whether blown out or in good condition
Ensure that the lights work properly. Check for all the other electrical components like horns, window demisters,etc. whether they are working properly. If the bulb has broken, it is easy to replace on your own without using any tools and in turn you can save the labor charges.

As the bulb is not working check the wiring system whether any loose connections are there. The wiring system should be hassle free and it should not have any short circuiting. Blown out fuse means there is something wrong in the system and should be corrected as soon as possible.

Take extra care while changing the headlight bulbs
If the headlight bulb has broken or malfunctioning, it is easy to replace. Today, mostly halogen filled bulbs with special coating outside the glass have come in the market. If you hold the bulb with your hand, you will leave small traces of oil and grease on the glass surface.

After the bulb is used, it gets hotter and can crack. So, while changing the headlight bulb wear a surgical glove and hold the holder of the bulb.
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The Components of a Disc Brake

A disc brake is a braking mechanism that uses a disc as the surface to create friction. A disc brake is commonly used in the front wheels but in some vehicles, they are used in all the four wheels.

How different is it from the hydraulic system?
The hydraulic system in the brake works the same as the drum brake, but the application of the friction is different. The friction is applied in the rotor disc and not to a drum. It is very similar to a cycle’s braking system where the friction is applied from both the sides to the wheel. But in a disc brake, friction is applied to the disc and instead of brake wires, hydraulic lines are used.

The rotor disc:
The rotor disc is a metal disc made out of a special type of iron. Due to friction, they generate a lot of heat and this heat has to be dissipated to reduce wear and tear of the disc. Discs can sometimes be ‘ventilated’, that is it may contain slots within the disc to allow free-flowing of air, to allow heat dissipation. In addition to this, discs may also be cross-drilled to reduce heat. But this has a disadvantage because; discs which are cross-drilled are prone to metal fatigue, a reason why it is avoided in high-performing race cars. To avoid warping of the disc, the disc may be mounted a little loose to the hub with coarse splines. This enables the disc to expand symmetrically and also avoid thermal stress.

Caliper:
Like the drum braking system, there is a component that receives input and applies pressure to the disc. In the disc brake, this is called a caliper. The caliper contains a piston which is much larger in size than a drum brake piston. Unlike the drum brake, in the floating variety if disc brakes, there is just one piston, but the brake shoes are two in number. One of the brake pad is in contact with the piston and moves along with it. The other piston is simply attached to the caliper. This mechanism adjusts the brake pads and always keeps them in position and so they don’t have to be manually or automatically readjusted.

Emergency brake:
In four-wheel disc brake vehicles, a drum is included in the rear wheels for emergency braking. It does not use hydraulics but is activated using a cable. Some vehicles also have a lever that turns a screw or activates a cam and pressure is directly applied to the disc.
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The Function and Types of Car Bumpers

A ‘bumper’ is a part of a car present in the front and rear ends to protect both the ends from receiving damage from a collision. According to safety regulations, a bumper is a compulsory part of an automobile today.

What are bumpers made of?
Bumpers are made of material that can withstand collision pressure. They are made of steel, aluminum, fiberglass composite, or a plastic. A bumper should also possess the ability to absorb the shock it suffers in collisions. For this, polypropylene or plastic honeycomb is also sometimes used. To offer protection, it is compulsory that the bumper and the metal part of the vehicle it is supposed to protect have a distance between them.

Types of bumpers
Bumpers differ according to the size and requirements of the vehicle. They are standard, deep drop, roll pan bumper, step bumper and tube bumper.

Deep drop bumper
This kind of bumper is chrome plated and is usually found only in older trucks. Deep drop bumpers have a heavy towing capacity and a low ball height. The height up to the bottom of the frame is usually 10 to 12 inches.

Roll pan bumper
Roll pan bumpers are usually found in compact vehicles. The hitches for towing are in the middle behind the bumper.

Step bumper
Step bumpers usually are a feature used in trucks, vans and SUVs. Step bumpers get its name from the fact that the small cutout in the center looks like a step. The bumper also has holes for hitch balls and lightweight trailers can be towed with this.

Tube bumper
This kind of bumper is typically used in jeeps.

Strength of bumpers – The Five miles per hour benchmark
‘Five miles per hour is a benchmark that is followed for the strength of the bumpers. It means that if a vehicle that has a bumper that comes under a ‘five miles per hour benchmark’ crashes at five miles per hour, then there would be no damage at all except for cosmetic damages. This is calculated in barrier tests. The five miles per hour benchmark does not however indicate that the bumper will protect the vehicle’s parts only if the car collides at or below five miles per hour. The strength of the bumper would apply upwards as well. For instance, even if it crashes at 15 mph, the effect would still apply and reduce repair costs.
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