How Gum Problems can be Treated?

Gum disease is a condition in which inflammation of the gum tissue and the loss of bone that supports the teeth takes place. This is mainly due to the formation of plaque. The formation of plaque is called gingivitis and if it is untreated it becomes hard and spreads to all over the mouth and destruction of gum tissue leads to periodontitis.

Treatment for gum diseases
There are several ways to treat gum diseases depends on the severity. It can be treated by:

  • Oral hygiene: Maintaining oral hygiene is the best way to treat gum diseases. Maintain oral hygiene by brushing twice daily, flossing regularly, using tooth paste that contains fluoride.
  • Medications: Medications like antibiotics, pain killers and mouth washes are used to treat gum problems along with surgery or cleaning methods.
    • Antibiotics: Antibiotics are available in tablet and gel forms. Antibiotics like metronidazole and amoxycillin are recommended for short term treatment of gum diseases. Antibiotic gels are used to apply over the gums after root planning and deep scaling.
    • Pain killers: Pain killers like paracetamol and ibuprofen are recommended to reduce pain.
    • Mouth washes: Mouth washes containing chlorhexidine or hydrogen peroxide are used to rinse mouth. Some mouth washes need to be diluted with water before rinsing mouth.
  • Deep cleaning methods: Plaque and tartar is removed by the dentist using deep cleaning method. The methods include deep scaling and root planning. Scaling means scraping the tartar on the teeth and then polishes the teeth. Root planning is deep cleaning under the gums to avoid bacterial growth. Local anesthesia is given to numb the area. Loss of blood, swelling for sometime, discomfort takes place in deep cleaning method. This can be avoided by using laser to remove plaque and tartar.
  • Surgical treatment: Gum diseases can be treated by surgery if the problem is severe. Surgery is done to reduce the deep pockets below the gum line. The surgical treatments include, flap surgery and bone and tissue grafting.
    • Flap surgery: In flap surgery, the infected gum tissue is removed and repositioned and shaping of the gum tissue to support teeth. The surgical procedure vary depending on the severity of gum disease. In this the gum tissue is lifted up from the teeth and cleans the bone to remove plaque and then positioned in the place and sutured to minimize the pocket depth.
    • Bone and tissue grafting: This method is used to regenerate the lost gum tissue and bone which supports the teeth. In bone grafting, the lost bone is replaced with artificial or natural bone. Guided tissue regeneration is a technique used along with bone grafting. In this a small mesh like material is placed between the bone and gum tissue and allows the tissue to grow along with the bone. In tissue grafting, the lost tissue is replaced with the tissue taken from the other parts of the mouth or synthetic material is used to cover the exposed teeth.

Types of Car Batteries and Their Advantages

Are you confused which type of battery to choose for your car? To get you out of this confusion we have created this article that provides the various types of car batteries and their advantages. Every battery has its own advantage and you need to determine which suits best for your car. Some of the batteries that can be used for your car are:

Flooded or wet cell battery: This is one of the most popular battery type available in the market today and it costs less. These batteries come in various sizes and shapes. Maintenance of this batteries is very easy and gases are not replaced. You don’t have to keep topping this batteries as the fluid in it lasts until the battery dies. The price of the battery varies based on the brand that you choose.

Lithium ion battery: These batteries are designed especially for hybrid electric cars. The lithium ion batteries are power packed. These batteries store more energy in small space available than the traditional batteries. Lithium is the metal which gives stamina to the batteries as it has the most energy density and electrochemical potential. As they are slim and compact, installation is very easy. This makes the car body free in designing.

Rechargeable liquid battery: These batteries are designed for electric vehicles and the energy here is stored in the form of liquid. These are recharged just like traditional batteries or by pumping fuel. The materials in the rechargeable batteries helps in traveling long distance which will be five time more than electric vehicles today. The challenges with the electric cars like long recharge time and limited range of driving are achieved with this rechargeable liquid or electrode batteries.

Deep cycle battery: These batteries provide power for a long time for the car. These batteries are used mostly for electric vehicles and you can also use these batteries to store solar or wind power. But, this is not used for cars that travels long because they discharge the power quickly. These batteries are really very expensive and not much recommended for cars.

Calcium-calcium battery: These batteries are made of calcium alloys on differently charged plates which reduces the fluid loss. These batteries are maintenance free and are highly performed batteries. These batteries have increased life time if they are properly charged and not overcharged.

Choose a battery for for your car according to the its requirements.

Effects of Smokeless Tobacco on Oral Cancer

Oral cancer is the abnormal growth of cells in the oral cavity and leads to the development of tumors. Consumption of tobacco is one of the main causes of oral cancer. Tobacco is used in many ways such as smoking cigarettes, chewing tobacco or its products. All the tobacco products have the same risk of oral cancer. People who use smokeless tobacco are at high risk as well. We’ll discuss here the effects of smokeless tobacco on oral cancer

Smokeless tobacco
When tobacco is chewed or used directly without burning is called smokeless tobacco. Smokeless tobacco is available in various forms.

Chewing tobacco is obtained from the loose leaves or twists of tobacco. It is cut into small pieces and are placed in between the cheeks and gums. Then, the nicotine in the tobacco gets absorbed into the tissues of oral cavity.

Snuff is the fine powered tobacco available in packets. Its available in either dry form or moist form. Dry powder is taken by inhaling through nose. Moist form is taken through mouth and is spit free.

Dissolved tobacco are designed as lozenges. Theses are available as sweet candies. These are dis solvable in mouth.
Most people become addicted to smokeless tobacco due to economic problems, stress and local life style.

Harmful chemicals in smokeless tobacco
Smokeless tobacco contains 28 harmful chemicals. Nicotine in the tobacco gets absorbed into the oral tissue and irritates the tissue. Nitrosamines, these are formed during growing, forming and aging of tobacco.

How smokeless tobacco causes oral cancer
Smokeless tobacco is carcinogenic. It contains chemicals that can make changes in the DNA in cells present in oral cavity, which leads to the development of oral cancer. Chewing smokeless tobacco or using snuff containing nicotine gets absorbed into the tissue in oral cavity and irritates the tissue. The another cancer causative chemical in smokeless tobacco is nitrosamines. Theses are formed during growing, forming and aging of tobacco.

Chewing tobacco causes irritation of mucous layer on oral cavity, staining on teeth, ulcers on mouth and tongue. It not only causes oral cancer but also oesophagus, pancreatic cancer.

The risk of oral cancer is more in people chewing tobacco or using snuff than those who do not use tobacco products. The risk of oral cancer depends on the frequency of smokeless tobacco usage. Quitting of usage, gradually decreases the risk of oral cancer.

Note that all tobacco products carry the risk of oral cancer. Avoid using tobacco products to reduce the risk of oral cancer and also dental problems.

Pros and Cons of Leasing a Car

Leasing a car has it own set of pros and cons. In this article we will discuss some of the most important advantages and disadvantages of leasing that will help you deiced whether to lease a car or not.


  • Down payment and monthly payments are less: The down payment that you will make for the leased car will be very less, when compared to the monthly payments of the car you take. You can enjoy the benefits of the car that may be brand new in the market with less down payment and monthly payments.
  • No repair costs: As it is a leased car the leasing company will bare for the repairs of the car. This will save money going out of your pocket for the repairs and maintenance. In most of the cases the car will be under the warranty of the manufacturer so that they will bare for the repairs.
  • Less sales tax: In many countries the sales tax for the leased vehicles will be very less that they need to pay on only the portion of the car that they use during the lease period instead on the whole. The sales tax also can be paid along with the monthly payments of the car so you don’t have to worry about it.
  • Having latest car in hand: You can have several choices when you go for leasing a car. So, you will have a chance to get the new and latest branded car with less money compared to the new one.
  • GAP coverage: Guaranteed asset protection is a insurance coverage for the auto vehicles. People who lease the car or whose vehicle is in financing can get this GAP coverage. This will payoff the vehicle when it is lost or stolen were the insurance companies doesn’t cover the full loss. Most of the cars that are leased will have free GAP protection.


  • Costs for cancellation of contract in middle: If you have leased a car for few months you can’t cancel it in the middle of the agreement. If you want to terminate in the middle of the contract you have to pay much for the cancellation than what you have expected.
  • Customization not allowed: Car customization can’t be done by you if you have leased the car. It is not allowed. If you want the customization you should ask the car dealer then, they may make the customization if needed.


How to Replace Windshield Wiper Blades of Your Car and Change the Wiper Blade Fluid?

Wiper blades are important when you are driving in rainy season or winter. In either of the sessions. It’s, therefore, important to take care of the wind-shield wiper blades by timely replacing the wiper blade fluid that lubricates the component.

Windshield wiper blade replacement
To replace your cars wiper blade, check the following steps that will help you to change the blades easily.

  • Check whether your car needs new wiper blades

If you are going to change the wiper blades, first, you need to check whether your car needs new wiper blades. Make sure to check the condition of the car wiper blades. If needed go, with the following steps.

  • Know which part of the wiper blades are to be changed

Once you confirm that your car needs new windshield wiper blades, see to it that which part of the wiper blades to be changed as it is made of three parts namely, the lower wiper arm, the rubber blade and the metal blade.

  • Purchase the wiper blades

After you choose which part to change, go for buying those wiper blades that suit your car wiper blades, especially that part has to be replaced. Ask the dealer to show you different brands of the same model, size. The size should of the blades that you are replacing should be measured with a tape or a ruler and make sure to get the one that is having the same size among the different brands shown by the dealer.

  • Remove the old wipers

Remove the old wiper blades that are to be replaced from the windshield properly without any breakage to the car mirrors or the blades.

  • Install the new blades

Finally, insert the new wiper blades that you have purchased after the metal wiper arm is taken away from the windshield and unhooking the old wiper blades. With this, you are done with the installation of new wiper blades to your car and the windshield wiper is ready.

  • Adding wiper fluid

Adding wiper fluid includes just two steps. One is opening the hood and checking whether the wiper fluid can is empty. If it is empty, add the wiper fluid and close the cap of the can and also the hood. This is how you can add fluid to your wiper blade can.

Following these tips you do the job easily. The entire process is simple – you can do it without any professional training.