With advancement in technology, there are many technical devices coming everyday in every field which makes the work of people easier. In the same way, dental technology is also evolving which makes the work of the dentists easy and also helps patients feel comfort with painless and fast treatments. Today, for detecting cavities a new technology has emerged. It is laser cavity detection in the early stage of cavities in the teeth.
Laser cavity detection
Many people say that they don’t have cavities from many years and therefore, they don’t consult a dentist regularly. Or the dentist may not be aware of the small cavities in the teeth because they may be using the traditional X-rays detection technique that doesn’t perfectly detect the cavities in teeth. The laser technique is a good solution for early detection of cavities in your teeth. This technique uses the advanced diagnodent device for detecting the cavities. It is difficult to detect the problem with traditional method because of the fluoride in the drinking water and due to the hardness of the tooth enamel. To resolve this issue, this technology is very useful.
This tool is useful in detecting the cavities that are located under the healthy teeth surface. The procedure is very simple – a pen like probe is used for sending the laser beam to check if cavities, if any are there.
A laser beam is sent into the teeth and the beam measures fluorescence on different layers of teeth, if any cavities are located it exhibits fluorescence, otherwise it does not.
If there are hidden cavities, the number scale and the alarm of the device will give a signal with high readings detecting the cavities located beneath the tooth surface. This is completely painless and a safe way to detect the cavities compared to the traditional X-rays, and also this technique detects the cavities years before than the traditional method, which helps the patient a lot. This is the latest and up-to-date for screening the problems.
Benefits of laser cavity detection method
- It is safe and painless when compared to traditional X-ray as it projects light energy rather than rays exposure.
- Detects the cavities and other minor problems in the early stages which saves money and time spent on the treatment.
- The cost of detecting the cavities using this technique is less when compared to traditional technique.
Early detection technique saves money and time. So, this is beneficial when compared to traditional technique of using X-rays to detect cavities.
Crown lengthening treatment is performed to improve health conditions of gum tissues. The treatment can be performed to re-shape and re-counter bone or gum tissues on a single or multiple teeth or entire gum line.
Benefits of crown lengthening
- Crown lengthening is done to restore the damaged teeth and broken teeth that are effected with periodontal diseases like tooth decay.
- Removing extra gum tissues will give a healthy and balanced look and also improves the appearance of your smile.
- Dental crowns will not damage your teeth from gum tissues and bone after placing.
How crown lengthening is performed?
- Once you visit your dentist he will take some x-rays of your teeth and prepare some report to review your teeth condition.
- Next he will give you the appointment for the crown lengthening treatment.
- During the treatment you will be given anesthesia.
- After all the teeth are exposed, the area will be washed using sterile salt water then stitches are made on the gums.
- After healing of the gum tissues you must visit the dentist for final crowns or filling.
After the treatment when your are in conscious stage you would feel some pain as it is a surgical treatment and as the gum tissues are removed.
Dentist will give you some precautions to get relief from the pain. You will be asked to follow healthy diet by your dentist and brushing to be done on teeth avoiding gums. If you want to remove the food particles from your mouth then you must use tooth pick.
Risks involved in crown lengthening procedure:
- There is a chance of bleeding in the area where surgery is performed.
- Infections may develop after the treatment.
- As teeth roots are exposed there will be sensitivity problems when you eat cold and hot foods.
- Due to the removal of the tissue and bone, the teeth may look longer compared to the adjacent teeth
Crown lengthening helps your crowns look healthy but the procedure is complicated as it takes months to complete the entire procedure.
What is a mouth guard?
A mouth guard helps protect the teeth, lips and other parts of the mouth from injuries like broken teeth. It is an adjustable device made of a class of plastic. Mouth guards a are also known as mouth protectors.
Who should use the mouth guard?
Mostly Athletes and the people who are in recreation activities use the mouth guards. This is mostly used at the time of playing variety of sports.
Ex: People who play foot ball, amateur boxing, field hockey, ice hockey etc use these mouth guards
Functions or Uses of Mouth Guard:
- It prevents the injuries like fractures in the jaw, neck, cerebral hemorrhages.
- Upper and lower teeth are protected from the seismic contact
- They act as a shock absorbers between the jaws of the upper and lower teeth
- Using this mouth guards athletes feel comfort and confident because of the protection
- Used to reduce the pain caused in temporomandibular joint
- It also acts as a night protector.
- While bleaching teeth, mouth guard helps a lot.
- A king of mouth guard is used for acrylic plates and brackets which is a substitute.
- It can be used to provide topical medication for the diseases such as gingivitis diseases.
- Wearing the mouth guard in the practice of games makes feel better during the match.
Types of mouth guards:
Three types of mouth guards are available in the market:
1. Custom fitted mouth guards
2. Boil and bite mouth guards
3. Ready made or stock mouth guards
Custom fitted mouth guards:
Custom fitted type of mouth guards are professionally made by the dentists in laboratories by taking the impressions of the teeth and then molded using a special material. After the mouth guard is ready it is kept in hot water and placed in mouth and shaped over the teeth using fingers. These are the mostly preferred guards used by most of the people.
Boil and bite mouth guards:
These are the thermo-plastic materials made of ethylene-vinyl acetate, and are available in many shapes that fit the users mouth very closely. This mouth guards are heated and then molded to fit the jaws of the users mouth. Boil and Bite mouth guards are mostly used by the semi-professional players and the amateur. Some of the boil and bite mouth guards are available but comforts less when compared to custom fitted ones.
Ready made or stock mouth guards:
Stock mouth guards will be available ready made in the shop which are of low cost but makes in-comfort in talking. So, this is not preferred by most of the people.
How to use a mouth guard?
- After a use rinse the mouth guard with the water
- Use the tooth paste to your mouth guard and brush it once or twice a day
- Never leave it hot water or else sun light
- Keep the mouth guard in a container which is firm
- If the mouth guard is having the damages change it time to time
This is how the mouth guard helps you to protect your teeth from being damaged.
Tongue is a flexible organ of our body which helps in eating and drinking. There are some common tongue problems that are seen in children such as tongue tie, oral thrush and tonsillitis. We will discuss about them briefly.
Tongue tie: Tongue tie is also called Ankyloglossia. It is a condition where tissue attaches to the tongue to the bottom of the mouth. It restricts the movement of tongue.
- The causes of tongue tie is not clear but it is mainly due to the attachment of tissue to the tongue tip
- Tongue movements are restricted
- Difficulty in pronouncing some letters
- Difficulty to clean food from teeth with the help of tongue
- Diagnosis of tongue tie can be done by physical examination of tongue movements. In infants, tongue depressor is used to lift the tongue tip
- Tongue tie can be treated by surgery called Frenotomy
- Before the surgery, doctor gives anesthesia to numb the area. Then cuts the tissue attached to the tongue tip and stitches are made on the wound. The stitches will dissolve in later days
- Surgery is also done using laser technique. In this laser cuts and seals the wound.
- Later doctor teaches your child how to exercise with tongue to improve speaking
Oral thrush: Oral thrush is commonly seen in infants. It is white patches seen on the tongue. Oral thrush is also seen in mouth. It is caused by the fungus candida albicans. It is non-contagious.
- Caused by fungus candida albicans
- Children with asthma medications
- White color patches on tongue
- Irritation occurs during feeding
- Anti fungal solutions to rinse the mouth
- Application of anti fungal gels on the tongue
- Though it can be treated, oral thrush can be prevented by rinsing the pacifiers with hot water
Tonsillitis: Tonsils helps to fight against germs to prevent entry of germs into mouth. Infection of tonsils is called tonsillitis.
- Red and swollen tonsils
- Throat pain
- Loss of Apatite
- Difficulty in eating and drinking
- Diagnosis can be done by physical examination of the tonsils whether any swelling are there or not
- Throat culture taken from the throat
- Rapid streptococci test to examine the presence of streptococci bacteria
- Antibiotics are used to treat tonsillitis if it is caused by streptococci bacteria
- If the tonsils are too hard for more than 1 year, it can be treated by surgery
Though tongue problems in children have treatment, it can be prevented by washing the children’s pacifiers with hot water to prevent contamination.
Pregnancy causes changes in the hormones which leads to oral health problems. Make sure to see a professional and take the necessary advice.
Causes of dental health problems
The common causes of dental health problems during pregnancy are:
- Morning sickness (vomiting)
- Intake of more sugary foods
- Gum problems, as the gum become softer during pregnancy due to hormonal changes
- Retching while brushing teeth.
Oral health problems in pregnant woman:
Common dental problems during pregnancy are:
- Pregnancy Gingivitis
- Tooth Decay
- Damage of Enamel
- Tooth mobility
- Gum problems
1. Pregnancy gingivitis:
Pregnancy gingivitis is the gum disease due to increase in the progesterone level. This leads to grow bacteria in the mouth that affects gums. During pregnancy gums become soft and sensitive to plaques.
- Inflammation of gum tissue surround the teeth
- Gum bleeding during brushing
Prevention and treatment:
- Pregnancy gingivitis can be avoided by brushing with fluoride tooth paste
- Floss daily to remove plaques
- Scaling of teeth can treat pregnancy Gingivitis.
2. Tooth decay:
During pregnancy intake of food and liquids are more compared to normal and pregnancy woman are more likely to have sweets. This sugars gets breakdown into simple sugars and produces acids which destroy the tooth enamel. Hence tooth decay are commonly seen in pregnant woman.
- Avoid more intake of sugary foods
- Rinse the mouth with anti microbial mouth washes after meal
- Maintain good oral hygiene
3. Damage of enamel:
Damage to enamel may occur in pregnant women. Vomiting during pregnancy refluxes gastric juices into mouth. This dissolves the enamel. Damage of enamel leads to sensitivity problems. Sensitivity to cold and hot is seen in pregnancy woman.
- Rinse mouth thoroughly with baking soda solution after vomiting neutralizes the acid.
- Use desensitizing tooth paste which blocks the nerves to send impulses to brain.
4. Tooth mobility:
During pregnancy, loosening of teeth takes place. This is due to the decrease in the ligament and bone support to teeth.
5. Gum problems:
If pregnancy gingivitis is not treated and on time leads to periodontal diseases. The plaque becomes attached to the surface of the teeth and releases acids. These acids destroy the enamel and loss of gums and root takes place.
- Do not brush immediately after vomiting. It scratches the teeth.
- Brush your teeth with soft bristle tooth brush
- Rinse mouth with anti microbial mouth washes.
To avoid these problems during pregnancy, good oral hygiene must be maintained. Increase your calcium intake which strengthen your teeth and increase intake of vitamin D which improves the absorption of calcium.