Bleeding gums is a common dental problem which is very much irritating both physically and mentally. The gums become swollen, red and tender. They may sometimes be associated with pus that is squeezed from gums. Loose and shaky teeth, difficulty and discomfort in mastication and so on may be seen with bleeding gums. However, there are many different causes of bleeding gums among which some of them are given below.
Various kinds of injuries or trauma are the other common causes of bleeding gums. Tooth picking, dentures, insertion of foreign substances, improper brushing and flossing may cause injuries to gums.
- It’s known that regular brushing is necessary to ensure good oral health. However, vigorous brushing may result in oral problems too. Brushing with over zeal and more pressure may affect the gums and may lead to bleeding.
- Certain chemicals and acids present in foods, mouth fresheners, drinks, medicines, and tooth whiteners may also cause bleeding gums. Medicines including oral contraceptives, antidepressants, anticoagulants and nasal sprays may promote bleeding in gums.
- Deficiency in vitamins such as K and C leads to bleeding gums.
- Various disease conditions such as gum infections, receded gums, weak and spongy gums are indicated by gum bleeding. It may sometimes be a sign of dental problems including plaque formation, caries and periodontitis.
- Systemic disorders in liver, kidney and arteries; heart disorders and diabetes may also reflect bleeding gums. The problem is even a characteristic feature of health issues like leukemia.
Bleeding gums resulted by any of these causes should be cured to avoid further gum problems. It is necessary to visit a dentist immediately when you see the symptoms of bleeding gums.