History of psychology

History of psychology as taught study of the understanding and the behavior decreases/goes back on the middle age. She was regarded far to an address of philosophy to the center of the 19th-century as the psychology, which was developed as independent scientific discipline in Germany.

Philosophical interest in the general set of the phenomena, which are organized at present in the west under the sticker “psychology”, decreases/goes back on the old civilizations of Egypt, of Greece, from China and from India. These earlier forms of the inquiry began to assume what was recognized now as clinical and experimental approximation among medieval Muslim psychologists and physicians, established their practical man, which we would recognize today as psychiatric hospitals. But it was not up to the last quarter 19. Century, that the psychology began us studies today as independent scientific enterprise to be seriously exercised. Psychology as self-confident catch from the experimental study said general 1879 to have begun, when William Wundt created the first laboratory, which was inaugurated excluding psychological research in Leipzig. To catch Hermann Ebbinghaus (a pioneer in the investigations over memory) close other important early participation, William James (the American father of the pragmatic psychology) and Ivan Pavlov also (who developed the procedures, which are connected with classical conditioning).

Soon after the development of the experimental psychology, different kinds of the applied psychology began of appearing in addition. To G. Stanley resound (John Hopkins) gotten scientific pedagogy into the United States from Germany into the early 1880s. John Dewey’s (And Chicago) the educational theory of the 1890s was an early example in addition. Also in the 1890s, Hugo cathedral mountain (Harvard) began, over the use from psychology to the industry to write to the law and to other occupations. Lightner Witmer (And Pennsylvania) manufactured the first psychological hospital in the 1890s. James McKeen Cattell (Colombia U.) the Francis Galtons adapted to the anthropometric methods, in order to produce the first program from in the 1890s in addition spirit examining to. In Vienna meanwhile the neurologist Sigmund Freud developed an independent approximation for the study of the understanding, which was called Psychoanalysis, which was far influential. (Psychoanalysis, which belongs correctly in the history of the psychiatry, has also a relationship to the development of the experimental psychology, competed in high of degrees, had).

20th Century saw a reaction against Edward Titcheners skewed to interpretation of empiricism Wundts. This led to the formulation of behaviorism by John B. Watson, who was popularized by B.F. Skinner. Behaviorism struck to limit psychological before study to obvious behavior epistemologically since that could that are quantitatively determined and are easily measured. Scientific knowledge of the “understanding” was considered as to metaphysical not possibly to obtain therefore. The locking decades 20th Century saw then the acceptance of behaviorism and the ascent of a new interdisciplinary approximation for studying the human psychology, together well-known as cognitive science. Cognitive science regards again the “understanding” as topic for investigation with the tools of development psychology, linguistics, computer science, and philosophy and neurobiology. This new form of the investigation has suggested that a broad understanding of the human understanding is possible and that such can be used an understanding at other research areas, like artificial intelligence.

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